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British Defeated

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Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

British Defeated

By 1781 only a few forts or towns were in the control of the British army. Some defeated generals had gone back to England.

British General Cornwallis and the few troops he had left, retreated and regrouped in the seacoast town of Yorktown, Virginia. He had planned to use Yorktown as a base for an offensive that would help him conquer Virginia. He was expecting to get more supplies from the Royal Navy anchored off the coast.

General Washington and Rochambeau were joined by Lafayette and Anthony Wayne and moved toward Yorktown. The patriot forces, having sixteen thousand troops, positioned themselves all around Yorktown. At the same time, the French Commander Grasse had successfully blockaded the British by sea.

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On October 19, 1781, the British, realizing that help from the coast was not coming, surrendered to the patriot armies. The Battle of Yorktown is considered to be the end the American Revolution.

In London, Prime Minister Lord North finally admitted, “My God! It is all over.” The King had a hard time accepting it.

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In order to formally accept the independence of the American colonies, a formal document needed to be signed by England and America.

On November 30, 1782, The Treaty of Paris was signed. The terms of the treaty were:

• The United States was recognized as an independent nation.
• The territory of the United States would be from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River between Florida and Canada.
• The United States would retain fishing rights off the coast of Newfoundland.
• The loyalists, people who didn’t want to break from England, were not to be persecuted, and their lands and properties were to be returned to them.
• American debts to British merchants were to be paid.
• All prisoners were to be freed by both sides.

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On December 23, 1783, General George Washington resigned his commission before the Continental Congress and went back to his home in Mount Vernon.

The United States was now a free and independent new nation.

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Vocabulary

Find the vocabulary words (in bold), write them below, and find the definition of each in a dictionary.

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Vocabulary

Write 5 sentences using some of the vocabulary words.

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2. ___________________________________

3. ___________________________________

4. ___________________________________

5. ___________________________________

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Reading Questions

Write one sentence to describe the history of Defeated British for each area below:

What?

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When?

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How?

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Where?

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Why?

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Who?

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Discuss:

1. What was the last battle of the War for Independence?

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2. Where was the peace treaty signed?

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3. What territory did the new nation win?

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