Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School STAAR HS

Unit 5 – University CE HS SAT

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This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

University

A university is a realm where students attend to continue their study after high school and where scientists can conduct research. Universities have been around for over a thousand years, and today there are numerous universities in each state in the U.S.

Universities provide not just a chance to learn from textbooks, but also a chance to become independent

– 2 –




– 3 –

It can be considered as a way for an apprentice of knowledge to continue his or her education. Often referred to as “college” here in the U.S., a university can be very different from middle school and high school.

The first change is the increased responsibility since you are by yourself now and not with your parents. There are many more things on your agenda. Also, most universities offer housing, so you can actually live on the campus.

Many students do this, and some universities require it for at least a year. Due to thousands of students living on campus, universities often occupy a large amount of land with perimeters enclosing dozens of acres sometimes.

Many old universities have large, vertical columns, perpendicular to wide porticos, marking the ancient-styled buildings

– 4 –

One of life’s prime decisions can be where to attend college. It is important to be careful when making such a decision and to take your time. Important factors to many students include academics, diversity, scholarships, athletics, etc. The factors are variable from person to person.

It is sometimes difficult to determine where your allegiance should lie, but if you take too much time deciding where to go, you can end up missing deadlines. It is never a good idea to pick a college randomly and commit to it without visiting.

It is not uncommon for students to doubt their decision about their choice of college after they experience it for a few months.

They may feel like there is something wrong, that there is a defect in themselves.

– 5 –

They may become a nomad, transferring from school to school. In many cases, however, students are able to adjust to their new circumstances. This emotional struggle can be difficult especially for a recent immigrant. After a while, however, most students are happy that they abdicated their lifestyle at home for their newfound freedom.

– 6 –

Although universities may seem to have been around for an infinite period of time, they do have a beginning. According the Guinness Book of World Records, the oldest university in the entire world is the University of Al Karaouine in Morocco.

It is estimated that the university was founded in approximately 859 AD. Many other universities were soon founded after this, including many in Europe.

Subjects offered at these ancient schools included grammar, music, and astronomy. Many schools today were founded hundreds of years ago and have quite a legacy as a result.

Unfortunately during the early years, due to a bias towards males, only men could attend universities because the rule banned women from attending.

– 7 –




– 8 –

This tyranny would have caused anarchy or boycotts eventually. Fortunately, most universities amended their policies by first proposing a resolution to change the rule, and then ratifying a decree allowing both males and females to attend.

Universities are now also focused on research, not just teaching.

More subjects have also been made available to study, and athletics have even been consolidated into most universities. Athletics have actually become quite popular, nearly annexing the focus on learning in many ways.

Although the advantage of attending college may not be tangible initially, the benefits of education are invaluable, and it pays many dividends after graduation.

– 9 –

VOCABULARY

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Approximate

2. ____ Prime

3. ____ Estimate

4. ____ Random

5. ____ Infinite

6. ____ Tangible

7. ____ Perimeter

A. Changeable, adjustable

B. Modify, improve

C. Imperfection, flawv

D. At right angles to, upright

E. Never-ending, countless

F. First in quality or values

G. Approximation, guess

– 10 –

8. ____ Variable

9. ____ Perpendicular

10. ____ Vertical

11. ____ Abdicate

12. ____ Decree

13. ____ Allegiance

14. ____ defect

15. ____ Amend

H. Not organized, accidental

I. Ruling, judgment, verdict

J. Imperfection, flaw

K. Estimate, inexact

L. Upright, erects

M. Give up, resign, abandon

N. Edge, boundary

O. Loyalty, faithfulness

– 11 –

VOCABULARY

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Immigrant

17. ____ Anarchy

18. ____ Annex

19. ____ Nomad

20. ____ Legacy

21. ____ Ratify

22. ____ Apprentice

A. Occupy, take over, invade

B. Merge, combine

C. Trainee, novice

D. Unfairness, favoritism

E. Area, land, territorys

F. Variety, assortment

G. Oppression, cruelty

– 12 –

8. ____ Realm

9. ____ Bias

10. ____ Boycott

11. ____ Tyranny

12. ____ Decree

13. ____ Consolidate

14. ____ Agenda

15. ____ Diversity

H. Approve, authorize

I. isorder, chaos

J. Schedule, plan

K. Reputation, memory

L. Solution, answer

M. Wanderer, traveler

N. New member of a society

O. Refuse, reject

– 13 –

MULTIPLE CHOICE

“University” is also known as.

A.  Supplemental School.

B.  Post School.

C.  College.

D.  Grade School.

The oldest university in the world is

A.  University of Paris.

B.  Oxford University.

C.  American University.

D.  University of Al Karaouine.

– 14 –

The oldest university was founded in

A.  859.

B.  1917.

C.  1847.

D.  238 B.C.

An old university policy prevented females from

A.  Eating with men.

B.  Living on campus..

C.  Attending the university..

D.  Taking classes with men.

– 15 –

Which is NOT a focus of most universities today?

A.  Athletics.

B.  Research.

C.  Education.

D.  Oil Production.

– 16 –

TRUE/FALSE

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____   The advantage of attending a university is always immediately felt.

2. ____   Deciding where to attend college can be one of the toughest decisions in a young person’s life.

3. ____   You should always visit a college’s campus before enrolling there.

4. ____   Most colleges do not offer on-campus housing

5. ____   Universities provide a chance to become independent and mature.

– 17 –

SHORT ANSWER

1. Why do students go to universities?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What are some of the changes that universities present?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

3. . How did women become able to attend universities?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

4. What are some important factors when selecting a university?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

READING QUESTIONS

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 20 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 21 –







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 4 – Music CE HS SAT

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions Page 20 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Music

Music is an oral art form, appealing to many, which has been a steadfast force in the world for an extremely long period of time. Music has existed for nearly as long as humans have communicated, even before the written word. Music is a widespread art-form, existing all over the world. Music around the world is ubiquitous.

Finding a country in the world today that did not have music as part of its culture would be an aberration. Finding a person that does not like music would also be an anomaly. Some people love music so much that they cannot go a day without listening to music on their IPod or other MP3 player. It would be an abstemious act for them to give it up. A day without music would simply be chimerical. That is how important music is to some people.

– 2 –


– 3 –

Music exists in many forms. It is usually characterized as rhythmic and harmonious. Although much music can be smooth and mellifluous, some music is cacophonous and discordant. Some music can also be raucous while other types possess a certain eccentricity. It really depends on each individual when it comes to judging musical tastes. Music can be classified chronologically based on influential periods. Ancient music was the very first period of music.

The first known records of musical expression were found in India. The Medieval and Renaissance periods of music marked the next significant movements. These periods were followed by Baroque, Classical, and Romantic music periods. After these periods, Impressionist music developed and became a moving force. And finally, today, we are currently in the 21th Century stage of music, which includes Jazz, Rap, and Rock.

– 4 –

– 5 –

Each genre of music has dynamic and meticulous intricacies that make it unique. Music oftentimes expresses emotions that cannot be articulated through simple dialogue. Love and relationships are pervasive subject matter in music. This is evident as many of the songs you hear today are often about love.

The combination of subject matter, melody, and lyrics can create a very poignant song. In order to create music, one must make sure that the notes are not incongruous. If they are, then the end result will be unharmonious and will not sound like music at all.

This process of making music requires a prudent and conscientious effort. However, the hard work is worth it. Being able to create a euphonious song is very satisfying.

– 6 –

– 7 –

Learning how to play an instrument is a fun but challenging activity for many people today. Some popular instruments that people play today are the piano, guitar, violin, and the drums.

Although it is often overlooked, your voice is also an instrument and is used in nearly all musical genres, especially ones such as opera. Musicians are people that compose or play music. Musicians can actually make a living from their music. Music is so far-reaching that we often don’t even realize its full effect.

Music has a very special ability in that it can change moods in people and settings. Professional athletes, for example, may listen to strident music before competition to make them feel more energetic. Music has also been tested and used in therapy with mixed results. Music can also be applicable to different environments.

– 8 –

For example, at a formal dinner event where propriety and decorous behavior is expected, one would probably hear classical music playing rather than rap or rock. Judicious analysis suggests that music will probably always be around and its cultural influence will be incessant.

– 9 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Appealing

2. ____ Poignant

3. ____ Chimerical

4. ____ Rhythmic

5. ____ Euphonious

6. ____ Smooth

7. ____ Harmonious

A. Harsh-sounding, rough

B. Attractive, desirable

C. Unreal, imaginary

D. Deviation, abnormality

E. Everywhere, omnipresent

F. Not in agreement, inappropriate

G. Smooth, flowing

– 10 –

8. ____ Ubiquitous

9. ____ Mellifluous

10. ____ Widespread

11. ____ Aberration

12. ____ Incessant

13. ____ Anomaly

14. ____ Incongruous

15. ____ Cacophonous

H. Free-flowing, elegant, polished

I. Pleasant-sounding, in tune

J. Irregularity, glitch

K. Meaningful, touching

L. Regular, recurring

M. Nonstop, continual

N. Pleasant in sound

O. Prevalent, common, extensive

– 11 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Pervasive

17. ____ Discordant

18. ____ Raucous

19. ____ Eccentricity

20. ____ Strident

21. ____ Abstemious

22. ____ Judicious

A. Wild, unruly, boisterous

B. Weirdness, oddity

C. Thorough, careful

D. Well-mannered, well-behaved

E. Dedicated, unwavering

F. Harsh, inharmonious

G. Careful, well thought-out

– 12 –

23. ____ Articulate

24. ____ Meticulous

25. ____ Conscientious

26. ____ Propriety

27. ____ Decorous

28. ____ Prudent

29. ____ Dynamic

30. ____ Steadfast

H. Loud, noisy, harsh

I. Cautious, sensible

J. Self-disciplined, moderate

K. Mindful, particular, careful

L. Lively, energetic

M. Politeness, good manners

N. All-encompassing, invasive

O. Well-spoken, clear

– 13 –

Multiple Choice

1. Most music is:

A. Rhythmic

B. Harmonious

C. None of the above

D. Both A and B

2. The first period of music is called the:

A. Ancient Period

B. Classical Period

C. Baroque Period

D. Romantic Period

– 14 –

3. The first known forms of musical expression were discovered in:

A. Greece

B. Italy

C. Egypt

D. India

4. Music has existed for:

A. 1,000 years

B. 2,000 years

C. 3,000 years

D. As long as humans could communicate

– 15 –

5. Music has been used in therapy, resulting in:

A. Complete failure

B. Great success

C. Mixed results

D. None of the above

– 16 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ Music today can be stored in digital devices such as the IPod.

2. ____ Professional athletes often listen to music before competition to energize them.

3. ____ Music is considered an oral art form.

4. ____ Music has been scientifically proven to relieve many sicknesses.

5. ____ Immediately before today’s era was the Impressionist music era.

6. ____ Rock ‘n Roll is usually expected at a formal dinner gala.

– 17 –

Short Answer

1. What are the various stages of musical eras?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What kinds of music does today’s era include?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

3. What is your favorite kind of music? Why?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What instruments have you played or do you currently play? Which instruments would you like to play?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

h5>– 20 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 21 –







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 3 – Communications CE HS SAT

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Communication

Communication is a process through which people exchange information to accomplish various tasks. Communication comes in forms varying from being on the small scale (ordering food at a restaurant) to the large scale (negotiations between countries).

You do not have to be too sagacious to notice that you use forms of communication everyday in order to get tasks done. This includes everything from communicating by calling your friends on your cell phone to meet you at the movies, to begging your seemingly austere parents not to ground you.

Communication can make the difference between things running exactly as planned and being a complete disaster. Simply put, communication is an important tool in life that is necessary in order to work with other people and is essential in allowing separate ideas to coalesce.

– 2 –


– 3 –

Communication can be divided into two categories: verbal and nonverbal. Both verbal and nonverbal forms of communication should be used in order to maximize effective communication and forestall confusion. Verbal communication is using spoken words and one’s voice to communicate.

Nonverbal communication is the process of communicating through expressing messages without using one’s voice. Gestures, body language, eye contact, and facial expressions are all types of nonverbal communications. For example, rolling your eyes at your parents probably communicates a negative message to your parents on your part. This will likely lead to a response in the form of verbal communication from your parents along with a formidable punishment!

– 4 –

– 5 –

Most situations in life require communication to go smoothly. Without communication, working with others and getting things done can be an arduous task. However, with good communication, conversations become more lucid, and previously elusive subjects become elucidated.

Difficult tasks also become more feasible and less futile when there is good communication. Smooth communication can also preclude unnecessary arguments that may be provoked by frustration or confusion. You can avoid many misunderstandings by avoiding miscommunication.

For example, it would be very difficult for two people to talk to each other if they did not speak the same language. When information is disseminated in a way you cannot understand, you realize how important communication is to information exchange. One tremendous tool that you can possess is having the ability to speak several languages.

– 6 –

Learning a language can be rigorous work, especially if you did not speak it as a child. But you do not have to be erudite to learn how to speak a new language. Oftentimes learning a new language requires resilience and patience rather than a prodigious mind.

– 7 –

Like many other things in life, practice is an important aspect of communication. Some situations, such as public speaking, are petrifying to many people. Many experts advocate that the only way to overcome this fear is through practice. Avoiding public speaking will not only prevent you from getting better, your skills may even deteriorate as a result of not practicing. Someone who is acute would be able to discern your weakness. Being comfortable with speaking in front of others provides a tremendous advantage.

Once you have achieved that, you have accomplished a major step in the communication process and are no longer simply a parody of what speech should be. Being a good public speaker does not require you to be extremely astute or incisive. Many elements of good public speaking skills are just common sense. For example, good eye contact and appropriate hand gestures are standard.

– 8 –

Communication is so important that there are classes that people attend in order to learn how to communicate more effectively. Such classes are not uncommon, and locations are dispersed across various localities.

Creators of such businesses may endorse taking such classes to master the technique, but their reasons obviously may not be impartial. However, classes do work for many people. You do not have to be perceptive or perspicacious to realize that.

– 9 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Advocate

2. ____ Coalesce

3. ____ Disperse

4. ____ Disseminate

5. ____ Elucidate

6. ____ Endorse

7. ____ Forestall

A. Prevent, avert, hinder

B. Indefinable, intangible, subtle

C. Sanction, support, back

D. Severe, stark, grave

E. Unite, combine

F. Clarify, illuminate

G. Neutral, unbiased

– 10 –

8. ____ Impartial

9. ____ Parody

10. ____ Provoke

11. ____ Arduous

12. ____ Austere

13. ____ Elusive

14. ____ Feasible

H. Incite, rouse

I. Support, show approval

J. Reasonable, viable, practical

K. Distribute, circulate, spread

L. Satire, spoof

M. Scatter, diffuse

N. Difficult, strenuous

– 11 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Formidable

17. ____ Futile

18. ____ Preclude

19. ____ Resilient

20. ____ Rigorous

21. ____ Acute

22. ____ Astute

A. Painstaking, laborious

B. Observant, aware

C. Insightful, penetrating

D. Judicious, perceptive

E. Sharp, keen, intense

F. Vain, pointless

G.Wise, astute, sagacious

– 12 –

23. ____ Discerning

24. ____ Erudite

25. ____ Incisive

26. ____ Lucid

27. ____ Perceptive

28. ____ Perspicacious

29. ____ Prodigious

30. ____ Sagacious

H. Intimidating, impressive

I. Coherent, logical, articulate

J. Wise, knowledgeable

K. Prohibit, prevent, exclude

L. Flexible, durable

M. Extraordinary, phenomenal

N. Cultured, scholarly

O. Shrewd, Clever

– 13 –

Multiple Choice

1. Some examples of communication include:

A. Ordering food.

B. Talking on the phone.

C. U.N. negotiations.

D. All of the above.

2. Using spoken words and one’s voice in order to communicate is a form of _________.

A. Charades.

B. Verbal communication.

C. Non-verbal communication.

D. Body language.

– 14 –

3. The process of communicating through expressing messages without using one’s voice is a form of:

A. Charades.

B. Verbal communication.

C. Non-verbal communication.

D. Yelling.

4. An example of non-verbal communication includes:

A. Yelling.

B. Public forum speeches.

C. Gestures.

D. Singing.

– 15 –

5. An example of verbal communication includes:

A. Talking on the phone

B. Reciting poetry

C. Public speaking

D. All of the above

– 16 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ People use various forms of communication multiple times a day.
2. ____ Talking to your friends is a form of communication.
3. ____ Learning new languages is a great communication tool.
4. ____ Acquiring good communication skills doesn’t require any practice.
5. ____ Communication can make the difference between things running smooth and being a complete disaster.
6. ____ Avoiding communication can help improve your communication skills.

– 17 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 2 – CE Flag HS SAT

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions Page 20 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Flag

With the United States being one of the more eminent countries in the world, its flag has become well-known throughout the globe. The U.S. flag has a long and rich history, going through copious changes in order to reach it’s current design.

Originally, the United States flag had thirteen stars. The thirteen stars represented the thirteen colonies of the union at the time. However, as states were added, the number of stars on the flag increased as well. One does not need to analyze the flag to know that there are fifty stars on it today.

Most people know that each star represents one state. However, what the stripes represent remains ambiguous to some. Each stripe on our present day flag represents one of the original colonies, so there are 13 stripes in total.

– 2 –


– 3 –

There is no incontrovertible evidence as to who originally designed the flag, but Betsy Ross is often credited with taking on the ponderous task of creating the first U.S. flag with an innovative design presenting the 13 stars in a circle.

However, there are many theories that are viable. The Flag Resolution of 1777 explained the criteria for the original design of the flag. The resolution contained explicit instructions that the flag have red and white stripes, and a blue background with stars.

The United States flag is a profound symbol of our country. The flag serves as a reminder of this country’s rich history and pride. The Pledge of Allegiance is a verbal oath to the United States taken while facing the flag. Reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is a form of showing support for our country.

– 4 –

Daily recital of the pledge is commonplace throughout our schools. However, it is important to understand the meaning behind the words of the Pledge and not just memorize and recite it as a perfunctory speech. As long as this country exists, the flag will be a relevant symbol for our nation.

– 5 –

Although our flag is a tremendously strong symbol of our nation and a point of pride, the law of this country protects (as a part of the right to free speech) the right to desecrate the flag. This is a highly controversial issue with many people against the law, wanting to expunge it.

Allowing clemency to those who deface the flag seems abstruse to many. However, the law still remains, meaning that people can express their candid opinion regarding the flag however they choose, no matter how opaque this concept seems. The law was recently corroborated by the U.S. Senate during a vote in 2006. Candor is one of this country’s founding principles, even when it comes to criticism of its own self.

– 6 –

The popularity of the American flag has extended far beyond its initial creation as a formal symbol. It has developed into a popular design that is often used and glamorized in things such as clothes and accessories. The number of flag-designed items in circulation today is almost superfluous. A genuine, authentic flag however, is still viewed as a solemn symbol and is respected. There are even regulations mandating how a real flag should be handled.

For example, there is an official guideline that delineates how to fold the U.S. flag. There are also specific instructions on how to handle and display the flag. Nearly all public buildings throughout the United States fly the flag. The flag is sometimes even flown in the yards of people’s homes, although this is not as prevalent. Given that many people are proud to be a part of this nation, it is not surprising to see such support and pride in displaying the flag.

– 7 –

The tradition of flying the United States flag is one that will not likely become esoteric, especially since it is illegal to obstruct another’s right to do so. The freedoms on which this country are based makes it impossible to obscure our understanding of why it is a right to fly our flag.

– 8 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Against

2. ____ Analyze

3. ____ Candor

4. ____ Clemency, punish

5. ____ Criteria

6. ____ Explain

7.____ Expunge

A. Standards, rules, principles

B. Substantiate, confirm

C. Outline, define

D. Of great importance, renowned

E. Hinder, impede

F. Clarify, account for

G. Feasible, possible

– 9 –

8. ____ Obstruct

9. ____ Support

10. ____ Viable

11. ____ Authentic

12. ____ Candid

13. ____ Corroborate

14. ____ Delineate

15. ____ Eminent

H. Examine, study

I. Honest, sincere

J. Erase, show clemency

K. Genuine, bona fide

L. Frankness, sincerity

M. Assist, reinforce

N. Next to, in opposition to

O. Leniency, compassion

– 10 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Explicit

17. ____ Incontrovertible

18. ____ Innovative

19. ____ Profound

20. ____ Relevant

21. ____ Abstruse

22. ____ Ambiguous

A. Murky, unknown

B. Hefty, tedious, dull

C. Unthinking, automatic, dutiful

D. Obscure, abstruse, cryptic

E. Surplus, in excess

F. Irrefutable, unquestionable

G. Complex, mysterious

– 11 –

23. ____ Superfluous

24. ____ Esoteric

25. ____ Obscure

26. ____ Opaque

27. ____ Perfunctory

28. ____ Ponderous

H. Vague, unclear

I. New, inventive

J. Dense, unclear

K. Pertinent, related

L. Precise, uninhibited

M. Deep, reflective

– 12 –

Multiple Choice

1. The American flag originally had ____ stars.

A. 52.

B. 7.

C. 13.

D. 50.

2. In the original U.S. flag, the stars represented:

A. The articles of the constitution.

B. The American generals.

C. The colonies of the union

D. The number of battles the union had won.

– 13 –

3. How many stars are in the U.S. Flag today?

A. 50.

B. 52.

C. 100.

D. 102.

4. The number of stripes in the flag represent:

A. The number of states in the U.S. today.

B. The number of colonies in the original union.

C. The articles of the constitution.

D. The number of American generals.

– 14 –

5. The colors of the American flag are:

A. Red, white, black and blue.

B. Gold, black, red, white and blue.

C. Red, white and blue.

D. None of the above.

– 15 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ The Flag Resolution of 1777 contained explicit instructions on the colors that the flag should include.

2. ____ The U.S. flag is never glamorized or used in popular designs such as clothing and accessories.

3. ____ Very few public buildings in the U.S. fly the American flag.

4. ____ There are official guidelines that mandate how the American flag should be handled and folded.

5. ____ The Pledge of Allegiance is a verbal oath to the United States of America.

– 16 –

Short Answer

1. Is it legal to fly the American flag outside your home? Why?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. Who is credited with creating the first U.S. flag? Describe the design.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 17 –

3. Explain what the Flag Resolution of 1777 entailed..

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. Describe the current design and colors used in the present-day American flag.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 20 –








Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 1 – Planet CE HS SAT

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions Page 20 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Planet

Everyday we are lucky to enjoy the natural gifts that our earth has provided for us. Our earth is filled with natural beauty and it is over 4.5 billion years old. There are approximately 6.6 billion people on the planet who often take it for granted.

If the earth could speak, it might let out a vociferous plea begging us to stop polluting the environment. However, the earth cannot speak for itself, and it is unable to chastise or castigate us for causing it harm. Therefore, we, as inhabitants of the earth, are responsible for making each other accountable for the earth’s well-being.

If we are not careful with the earth’s natural gifts, we will lose the earth as its gifts are rescinded and our time on this planet is curtailed.

– 2 –


– 3 –

We must scrutinize the way we live, in order to make changes to benefit the environment. Taking care of the environment is not an easy process. So, when we struggle to make changes, it is important to remain calm and open-minded so that we do not get angry or agitated while discussing different plans and ideas.

We must not reproach one another, but rather admonish each other to do better. Sometimes, the people of the world are not so innocent and have to take responsibility for their actions that have negative effects on the earth.

Pollution of the environment can come in many different forms. Polluting the environment includes things from littering to air pollution, water pollution, and dumping toxic waste. Saving the environment and taking care our planet is our responsibility, and it is vital to our own survival.

– 4 –

– 5 –

As mentioned before, there are billions of people who inhabit our planet. As a result of such a large population, there is also an abundance of diversity. Oftentimes, different cultures and varying types of people may clash due to a lack of understanding of each other.

For this reason, sometimes groups of people end up alienating others and the situation can exacerbate quickly. We should not condone this behavior or trivialize its effects. Our planet is a melting pot of different cultures and new things to be learned from one another. We must do our best to conciliate disputes and educate people.

Sometimes we cannot simply cajole others into being accepting, hoping that they will acquiesce easily. Some close-minded people are quick to reject amnesty and will refute any change.

– 6 –

However, for the sake of the human population on this planet, we cannot allow violent dissent simply because of a difference in cultures.

Those who repudiate the need to address issues on the basis of cultural differences are hindering the overall welfare of this planet and its population. Many people are reluctant to repent for their wrongdoings or even admit that they did anything wrong. However, acknowledging shortcomings is a key and very essential step towards the betterment of our world.

Over the years, our earth has produced many amazing natural wonders. One of these natural wonders is Mount Everest. It is the tallest mountain in the world. Mount Everest is located in Tibet. The Grand Canyon is another one of our earth’s natural wonders. The Grand Canyon is located here in the United States, in the state of Arizona.

– 7 –

It is over 250 miles long, ranging up to 18 miles in width and more than a mile in depth. It was engendered by the Colorado River over a period of six million years. Although these places are beautiful, they can also be extremely dangerous. When visiting places such as the Grand Canyon, it is important to comply with the rules and regulations that have been established.

If you were to fall or get lost, the park would not be culpable, although they would probably be contrite and apologetic. Taking that risk is not worth the possible guilt that your friends and family would suffer.

– 8 –


– 9 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Admonish

2. ____ Agitated

3. ____ Angry

4. ____ Castigate, punish

5. ____ Chastise

6. ____ Curtail

7.____ Reproach

A. Furious, enraged

B. Punish

C. Curb, reduce
D. Inspect, examine, dissect

E. Overturn, withdraw, annul

F. Restless, troubled

G. Estrange, isolate

– 10 –

8. ____ Rescind

9. ____ Scrutinize

10. ____ Vociferous

11. ____ Alienate

12. ____ Cajole

13. ____ Condone

14. ____ Dissent

15. ____ Exacerbate

H. Reprove, reprimand

I. Scold, warn, rebuke

J. Loud, raucous

K. Persuade, entice

L. Intensify, aggravate

M. Criticize, accuse

N. Overlook, excuse, pardon

O. Disagree, differ, conflict

– 11 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Refute

17. ____ Reject

18. ____ Repudiate

19. ____ Trivialize

20. ____ Wrong

21. ____ Acquiesce

22. ____ Apologetic

A. Belittle, underestimate

B. Stimulate, provoke

C. liable, blameworthy

D. Feel sorrow, be sorry

E. Guiltless, naive,

F. At fault, culpable

G. Refuse, decline

– 12 –

23. ____ Conciliator

24. ____ Contrite

25. ____ Culpable

26. ____ Comply

27. ____ Engender

28. ____ Guilty

29. ____ Innocent

30. ____ Repent

H. Mistaken, erroneous

I. Disprove, contest

J. Concede, comply, agree

K. Obey, fulfill

L. Remorseful, repentant

M. Disclaim, deny

N. Mediator, liaison

O. Penitent, sorry

– 13 –

Multiple Choice

1. How old is our Earth?

A. 2,000 years old

B. 100,000 years old

C. 3 million years old

D. Over 4.5 billion years old

2. Approximately how many people populate our planet?

A. 1 million

B. 4.7 million

C. 6.6 billion

D. 100 billion

– 14 –

3.Which of the following is/are forms of pollution?

A. Littering

B. Toxic waste dumping

C. Air pollution

D. All of the above

4. Ways in which we can help take care of the environment include:

A. Recycling

B. Littering

C. Driving daily

D. None of the above

– 15 –

5. Which of the following is an earth produced natural wonder?

A. Niagara Falls

B. Mount Everest

C. The Grand Canyon

D. All of the above

– 16 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ In public places like the Grand Canyon, there are no rules or regulations.

2. ____ If you were to fall or get lost while visiting the Grand Canyon, the park would be culpable.

3. ____ The earth has produced very few natural wonders over the years.

4. ____ Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain, is located in the United States.

5. ____ The Grand Canyon is over 250 miles long.

– 17 –

Short Answer

1. Why is it important that we take care of our environment?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What are some examples of things that harm our earth? Explain.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

3. What are some ways that you can help take care of our earth?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. Who is ultimately responsible for making sure our earth is taken care of?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 20 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 21 – Music CE HS STAAR

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions Page 20 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Music

Music is an oral art form, appealing to many, which has been a steadfast force in the world for an extremely long period of time. Music has existed for nearly as long as humans have communicated, even before the written word. Music is a widespread art-form, existing all over the world. Music around the world is ubiquitous.

Finding a country in the world today that did not have music as part of its culture would be an aberration. Finding a person that does not like music would also be an anomaly. Some people love music so much that they cannot go a day without listening to music on their IPod or other MP3 player. It would be an abstemious act for them to give it up. A day without music would simply be chimerical. That is how important music is to some people.

– 2 –


– 3 –

Music exists in many forms. It is usually characterized as rhythmic and harmonious. Although much music can be smooth and mellifluous, some music is cacophonous and discordant. Some music can also be raucous while other types possess a certain eccentricity. It really depends on each individual when it comes to judging musical tastes. Music can be classified chronologically based on influential periods. Ancient music was the very first period of music.

The first known records of musical expression were found in India. The Medieval and Renaissance periods of music marked the next significant movements. These periods were followed by Baroque, Classical, and Romantic music periods. After these periods, Impressionist music developed and became a moving force. And finally, today, we are currently in the 21th Century stage of music, which includes Jazz, Rap, and Rock.

– 4 –

– 5 –

Each genre of music has dynamic and meticulous intricacies that make it unique. Music oftentimes expresses emotions that cannot be articulated through simple dialogue. Love and relationships are pervasive subject matter in music. This is evident as many of the songs you hear today are often about love.

The combination of subject matter, melody, and lyrics can create a very poignant song. In order to create music, one must make sure that the notes are not incongruous. If they are, then the end result will be unharmonious and will not sound like music at all.

This process of making music requires a prudent and conscientious effort. However, the hard work is worth it. Being able to create a euphonious song is very satisfying.

– 6 –

– 7 –

Learning how to play an instrument is a fun but challenging activity for many people today. Some popular instruments that people play today are the piano, guitar, violin, and the drums.

Although it is often overlooked, your voice is also an instrument and is used in nearly all musical genres, especially ones such as opera. Musicians are people that compose or play music. Musicians can actually make a living from their music. Music is so far-reaching that we often don’t even realize its full effect.

Music has a very special ability in that it can change moods in people and settings. Professional athletes, for example, may listen to strident music before competition to make them feel more energetic. Music has also been tested and used in therapy with mixed results. Music can also be applicable to different environments.

– 8 –

For example, at a formal dinner event where propriety and decorous behavior is expected, one would probably hear classical music playing rather than rap or rock. Judicious analysis suggests that music will probably always be around and its cultural influence will be incessant.

– 9 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Appealing

2. ____ Poignant

3. ____ Chimerical

4. ____ Rhythmic

5. ____ Euphonious

6. ____ Smooth

7. ____ Harmonious

A. Harsh-sounding, rough

B. Attractive, desirable

C. Unreal, imaginary

D. Deviation, abnormality

E. Everywhere, omnipresent

F. Not in agreement, inappropriate

G. Smooth, flowing

– 10 –

8. ____ Ubiquitous

9. ____ Mellifluous

10. ____ Widespread

11. ____ Aberration

12. ____ Incessant

13. ____ Anomaly

14. ____ Incongruous

15. ____ Cacophonous

H. Free-flowing, elegant, polished

I. Pleasant-sounding, in tune

J. Irregularity, glitch

K. Meaningful, touching

L. Regular, recurring

M. Nonstop, continual

N. Pleasant in sound

O. Prevalent, common, extensive

– 11 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Pervasive

17. ____ Discordant

18. ____ Raucous

19. ____ Eccentricity

20. ____ Strident

21. ____ Abstemious

22. ____ Judicious

A. Wild, unruly, boisterous

B. Weirdness, oddity

C. Thorough, careful

D. Well-mannered, well-behaved

E. Dedicated, unwavering

F. Harsh, inharmonious

G. Careful, well thought-out

– 12 –

23. ____ Articulate

24. ____ Meticulous

25. ____ Conscientious

26. ____ Propriety

27. ____ Decorous

28. ____ Prudent

29. ____ Dynamic

30. ____ Steadfast

H. Loud, noisy, harsh

I. Cautious, sensible

J. Self-disciplined, moderate

K. Mindful, particular, careful

L. Lively, energetic

M. Politeness, good manners

N. All-encompassing, invasive

O. Well-spoken, clear

– 13 –

Multiple Choice

1. Most music is:

A. Rhythmic

B. Harmonious

C. None of the above

D. Both A and B

2. The first period of music is called the:

A. Ancient Period

B. Classical Period

C. Baroque Period

D. Romantic Period

– 14 –

3. The first known forms of musical expression were discovered in:

A. Greece

B. Italy

C. Egypt

D. India

4. Music has existed for:

A. 1,000 years

B. 2,000 years

C. 3,000 years

D. As long as humans could communicate

– 15 –

5. Music has been used in therapy, resulting in:

A. Complete failure

B. Great success

C. Mixed results

D. None of the above

– 16 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ Music today can be stored in digital devices such as the IPod.

2. ____ Professional athletes often listen to music before competition to energize them.

3. ____ Music is considered an oral art form.

4. ____ Music has been scientifically proven to relieve many sicknesses.

5. ____ Immediately before today’s era was the Impressionist music era.

6. ____ Rock ‘n Roll is usually expected at a formal dinner gala.

– 17 –

Short Answer

1. What are the various stages of musical eras?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What kinds of music does today’s era include?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

3. What is your favorite kind of music? Why?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What instruments have you played or do you currently play? Which instruments would you like to play?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

h5>– 20 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 21 –







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 20 – Communications CE HS STAAR

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Communication

Communication is a process through which people exchange information to accomplish various tasks. Communication comes in forms varying from being on the small scale (ordering food at a restaurant) to the large scale (negotiations between countries).

You do not have to be too sagacious to notice that you use forms of communication everyday in order to get tasks done. This includes everything from communicating by calling your friends on your cell phone to meet you at the movies, to begging your seemingly austere parents not to ground you.

Communication can make the difference between things running exactly as planned and being a complete disaster. Simply put, communication is an important tool in life that is necessary in order to work with other people and is essential in allowing separate ideas to coalesce.

– 2 –


– 3 –

Communication can be divided into two categories: verbal and nonverbal. Both verbal and nonverbal forms of communication should be used in order to maximize effective communication and forestall confusion. Verbal communication is using spoken words and one’s voice to communicate.

Nonverbal communication is the process of communicating through expressing messages without using one’s voice. Gestures, body language, eye contact, and facial expressions are all types of nonverbal communications. For example, rolling your eyes at your parents probably communicates a negative message to your parents on your part. This will likely lead to a response in the form of verbal communication from your parents along with a formidable punishment!

– 4 –

– 5 –

Most situations in life require communication to go smoothly. Without communication, working with others and getting things done can be an arduous task. However, with good communication, conversations become more lucid, and previously elusive subjects become elucidated.

Difficult tasks also become more feasible and less futile when there is good communication. Smooth communication can also preclude unnecessary arguments that may be provoked by frustration or confusion. You can avoid many misunderstandings by avoiding miscommunication.

For example, it would be very difficult for two people to talk to each other if they did not speak the same language. When information is disseminated in a way you cannot understand, you realize how important communication is to information exchange. One tremendous tool that you can possess is having the ability to speak several languages.

– 6 –

Learning a language can be rigorous work, especially if you did not speak it as a child. But you do not have to be erudite to learn how to speak a new language. Oftentimes learning a new language requires resilience and patience rather than a prodigious mind.

– 7 –

Like many other things in life, practice is an important aspect of communication. Some situations, such as public speaking, are petrifying to many people. Many experts advocate that the only way to overcome this fear is through practice. Avoiding public speaking will not only prevent you from getting better, your skills may even deteriorate as a result of not practicing. Someone who is acute would be able to discern your weakness. Being comfortable with speaking in front of others provides a tremendous advantage.

Once you have achieved that, you have accomplished a major step in the communication process and are no longer simply a parody of what speech should be. Being a good public speaker does not require you to be extremely astute or incisive. Many elements of good public speaking skills are just common sense. For example, good eye contact and appropriate hand gestures are standard.

– 8 –

Communication is so important that there are classes that people attend in order to learn how to communicate more effectively. Such classes are not uncommon, and locations are dispersed across various localities.

Creators of such businesses may endorse taking such classes to master the technique, but their reasons obviously may not be impartial. However, classes do work for many people. You do not have to be perceptive or perspicacious to realize that.

– 9 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Advocate

2. ____ Coalesce

3. ____ Disperse

4. ____ Disseminate

5. ____ Elucidate

6. ____ Endorse

7. ____ Forestall

A. Prevent, avert, hinder

B. Indefinable, intangible, subtle

C. Sanction, support, back

D. Severe, stark, grave

E. Unite, combine

F. Clarify, illuminate

G. Neutral, unbiased

– 10 –

8. ____ Impartial

9. ____ Parody

10. ____ Provoke

11. ____ Arduous

12. ____ Austere

13. ____ Elusive

14. ____ Feasible

H. Incite, rouse

I. Support, show approval

J. Reasonable, viable, practical

K. Distribute, circulate, spread

L. Satire, spoof

M. Scatter, diffuse

N. Difficult, strenuous

– 11 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Formidable

17. ____ Futile

18. ____ Preclude

19. ____ Resilient

20. ____ Rigorous

21. ____ Acute

22. ____ Astute

A. Painstaking, laborious

B. Observant, aware

C. Insightful, penetrating

D. Judicious, perceptive

E. Sharp, keen, intense

F. Vain, pointless

G.Wise, astute, sagacious

– 12 –

23. ____ Discerning

24. ____ Erudite

25. ____ Incisive

26. ____ Lucid

27. ____ Perceptive

28. ____ Perspicacious

29. ____ Prodigious

30. ____ Sagacious

H. Intimidating, impressive

I. Coherent, logical, articulate

J. Wise, knowledgeable

K. Prohibit, prevent, exclude

L. Flexible, durable

M. Extraordinary, phenomenal

N. Cultured, scholarly

O. Shrewd, Clever

– 13 –

Multiple Choice

1. Some examples of communication include:

A. Ordering food.

B. Talking on the phone.

C. U.N. negotiations.

D. All of the above.

2. Using spoken words and one’s voice in order to communicate is a form of _________.

A. Charades.

B. Verbal communication.

C. Non-verbal communication.

D. Body language.

– 14 –

3. The process of communicating through expressing messages without using one’s voice is a form of:

A. Charades.

B. Verbal communication.

C. Non-verbal communication.

D. Yelling.

4. An example of non-verbal communication includes:

A. Yelling.

B. Public forum speeches.

C. Gestures.

D. Singing.

– 15 –

5. An example of verbal communication includes:

A. Talking on the phone

B. Reciting poetry

C. Public speaking

D. All of the above

– 16 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ People use various forms of communication multiple times a day.
2. ____ Talking to your friends is a form of communication.
3. ____ Learning new languages is a great communication tool.
4. ____ Acquiring good communication skills doesn’t require any practice.
5. ____ Communication can make the difference between things running smooth and being a complete disaster.
6. ____ Avoiding communication can help improve your communication skills.

– 17 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 19 – Flag CE HS STAAR

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions Page 20 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Flag

With the United States being one of the more eminent countries in the world, its flag has become well-known throughout the globe. The U.S. flag has a long and rich history, going through copious changes in order to reach it’s current design.

Originally, the United States flag had thirteen stars. The thirteen stars represented the thirteen colonies of the union at the time. However, as states were added, the number of stars on the flag increased as well. One does not need to analyze the flag to know that there are fifty stars on it today.

Most people know that each star represents one state. However, what the stripes represent remains ambiguous to some. Each stripe on our present day flag represents one of the original colonies, so there are 13 stripes in total.

– 2 –


– 3 –

There is no incontrovertible evidence as to who originally designed the flag, but Betsy Ross is often credited with taking on the ponderous task of creating the first U.S. flag with an innovative design presenting the 13 stars in a circle.

However, there are many theories that are viable. The Flag Resolution of 1777 explained the criteria for the original design of the flag. The resolution contained explicit instructions that the flag have red and white stripes, and a blue background with stars.

The United States flag is a profound symbol of our country. The flag serves as a reminder of this country’s rich history and pride. The Pledge of Allegiance is a verbal oath to the United States taken while facing the flag. Reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is a form of showing support for our country.

– 4 –

Daily recital of the pledge is commonplace throughout our schools. However, it is important to understand the meaning behind the words of the Pledge and not just memorize and recite it as a perfunctory speech. As long as this country exists, the flag will be a relevant symbol for our nation.

– 5 –

Although our flag is a tremendously strong symbol of our nation and a point of pride, the law of this country protects (as a part of the right to free speech) the right to desecrate the flag. This is a highly controversial issue with many people against the law, wanting to expunge it.

Allowing clemency to those who deface the flag seems abstruse to many. However, the law still remains, meaning that people can express their candid opinion regarding the flag however they choose, no matter how opaque this concept seems. The law was recently corroborated by the U.S. Senate during a vote in 2006. Candor is one of this country’s founding principles, even when it comes to criticism of its own self.

– 6 –

The popularity of the American flag has extended far beyond its initial creation as a formal symbol. It has developed into a popular design that is often used and glamorized in things such as clothes and accessories. The number of flag-designed items in circulation today is almost superfluous. A genuine, authentic flag however, is still viewed as a solemn symbol and is respected. There are even regulations mandating how a real flag should be handled.

For example, there is an official guideline that delineates how to fold the U.S. flag. There are also specific instructions on how to handle and display the flag. Nearly all public buildings throughout the United States fly the flag. The flag is sometimes even flown in the yards of people’s homes, although this is not as prevalent. Given that many people are proud to be a part of this nation, it is not surprising to see such support and pride in displaying the flag.

– 7 –

The tradition of flying the United States flag is one that will not likely become esoteric, especially since it is illegal to obstruct another’s right to do so. The freedoms on which this country are based makes it impossible to obscure our understanding of why it is a right to fly our flag.

– 8 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Against

2. ____ Analyze

3. ____ Candor

4. ____ Clemency, punish

5. ____ Criteria

6. ____ Explain

7.____ Expunge

A. Standards, rules, principles

B. Substantiate, confirm

C. Outline, define

D. Of great importance, renowned

E. Hinder, impede

F. Clarify, account for

G. Feasible, possible

– 9 –

8. ____ Obstruct

9. ____ Support

10. ____ Viable

11. ____ Authentic

12. ____ Candid

13. ____ Corroborate

14. ____ Delineate

15. ____ Eminent

H. Examine, study

I. Honest, sincere

J. Erase, show clemency

K. Genuine, bona fide

L. Frankness, sincerity

M. Assist, reinforce

N. Next to, in opposition to

O. Leniency, compassion

– 10 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Explicit

17. ____ Incontrovertible

18. ____ Innovative

19. ____ Profound

20. ____ Relevant

21. ____ Abstruse

22. ____ Ambiguous

A. Murky, unknown

B. Hefty, tedious, dull

C. Unthinking, automatic, dutiful

D. Obscure, abstruse, cryptic

E. Surplus, in excess

F. Irrefutable, unquestionable

G. Complex, mysterious

– 11 –

23. ____ Superfluous

24. ____ Esoteric

25. ____ Obscure

26. ____ Opaque

27. ____ Perfunctory

28. ____ Ponderous

H. Vague, unclear

I. New, inventive

J. Dense, unclear

K. Pertinent, related

L. Precise, uninhibited

M. Deep, reflective

– 12 –

Multiple Choice

1. The American flag originally had ____ stars.

A. 52.

B. 7.

C. 13.

D. 50.

2. In the original U.S. flag, the stars represented:

A. The articles of the constitution.

B. The American generals.

C. The colonies of the union

D. The number of battles the union had won.

– 13 –

3. How many stars are in the U.S. Flag today?

A. 50.

B. 52.

C. 100.

D. 102.

4. The number of stripes in the flag represent:

A. The number of states in the U.S. today.

B. The number of colonies in the original union.

C. The articles of the constitution.

D. The number of American generals.

– 14 –

5. The colors of the American flag are:

A. Red, white, black and blue.

B. Gold, black, red, white and blue.

C. Red, white and blue.

D. None of the above.

– 15 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ The Flag Resolution of 1777 contained explicit instructions on the colors that the flag should include.

2. ____ The U.S. flag is never glamorized or used in popular designs such as clothing and accessories.

3. ____ Very few public buildings in the U.S. fly the American flag.

4. ____ There are official guidelines that mandate how the American flag should be handled and folded.

5. ____ The Pledge of Allegiance is a verbal oath to the United States of America.

– 16 –

Short Answer

1. Is it legal to fly the American flag outside your home? Why?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. Who is credited with creating the first U.S. flag? Describe the design.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 17 –

3. Explain what the Flag Resolution of 1777 entailed..

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. Describe the current design and colors used in the present-day American flag.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 20 –








Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE High School HS Advanced High SAT Preparation STAAR HS

Unit 18 – Planet CE HS STAAR

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions Page 18 Questions Page 20 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Planet

Everyday we are lucky to enjoy the natural gifts that our earth has provided for us. Our earth is filled with natural beauty and it is over 4.5 billion years old. There are approximately 6.6 billion people on the planet who often take it for granted.

If the earth could speak, it might let out a vociferous plea begging us to stop polluting the environment. However, the earth cannot speak for itself, and it is unable to chastise or castigate us for causing it harm. Therefore, we, as inhabitants of the earth, are responsible for making each other accountable for the earth’s well-being.

If we are not careful with the earth’s natural gifts, we will lose the earth as its gifts are rescinded and our time on this planet is curtailed.

– 2 –


– 3 –

We must scrutinize the way we live, in order to make changes to benefit the environment. Taking care of the environment is not an easy process. So, when we struggle to make changes, it is important to remain calm and open-minded so that we do not get angry or agitated while discussing different plans and ideas.

We must not reproach one another, but rather admonish each other to do better. Sometimes, the people of the world are not so innocent and have to take responsibility for their actions that have negative effects on the earth.

Pollution of the environment can come in many different forms. Polluting the environment includes things from littering to air pollution, water pollution, and dumping toxic waste. Saving the environment and taking care our planet is our responsibility, and it is vital to our own survival.

– 4 –

– 5 –

As mentioned before, there are billions of people who inhabit our planet. As a result of such a large population, there is also an abundance of diversity. Oftentimes, different cultures and varying types of people may clash due to a lack of understanding of each other.

For this reason, sometimes groups of people end up alienating others and the situation can exacerbate quickly. We should not condone this behavior or trivialize its effects. Our planet is a melting pot of different cultures and new things to be learned from one another. We must do our best to conciliate disputes and educate people.

Sometimes we cannot simply cajole others into being accepting, hoping that they will acquiesce easily. Some close-minded people are quick to reject amnesty and will refute any change.

– 6 –

However, for the sake of the human population on this planet, we cannot allow violent dissent simply because of a difference in cultures.

Those who repudiate the need to address issues on the basis of cultural differences are hindering the overall welfare of this planet and its population. Many people are reluctant to repent for their wrongdoings or even admit that they did anything wrong. However, acknowledging shortcomings is a key and very essential step towards the betterment of our world.

Over the years, our earth has produced many amazing natural wonders. One of these natural wonders is Mount Everest. It is the tallest mountain in the world. Mount Everest is located in Tibet. The Grand Canyon is another one of our earth’s natural wonders. The Grand Canyon is located here in the United States, in the state of Arizona.

– 7 –

It is over 250 miles long, ranging up to 18 miles in width and more than a mile in depth. It was engendered by the Colorado River over a period of six million years. Although these places are beautiful, they can also be extremely dangerous. When visiting places such as the Grand Canyon, it is important to comply with the rules and regulations that have been established.

If you were to fall or get lost, the park would not be culpable, although they would probably be contrite and apologetic. Taking that risk is not worth the possible guilt that your friends and family would suffer.

– 8 –


– 9 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Admonish

2. ____ Agitated

3. ____ Angry

4. ____ Castigate, punish

5. ____ Chastise

6. ____ Curtail

7.____ Reproach

A. Furious, enraged

B. Punish

C. Curb, reduce
D. Inspect, examine, dissect

E. Overturn, withdraw, annul

F. Restless, troubled

G. Estrange, isolate

– 10 –

8. ____ Rescind

9. ____ Scrutinize

10. ____ Vociferous

11. ____ Alienate

12. ____ Cajole

13. ____ Condone

14. ____ Dissent

15. ____ Exacerbate

H. Reprove, reprimand

I. Scold, warn, rebuke

J. Loud, raucous

K. Persuade, entice

L. Intensify, aggravate

M. Criticize, accuse

N. Overlook, excuse, pardon

O. Disagree, differ, conflict

– 11 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Refute

17. ____ Reject

18. ____ Repudiate

19. ____ Trivialize

20. ____ Wrong

21. ____ Acquiesce

22. ____ Apologetic

A. Belittle, underestimate

B. Stimulate, provoke

C. liable, blameworthy

D. Feel sorrow, be sorry

E. Guiltless, naive,

F. At fault, culpable

G. Refuse, decline

– 12 –

23. ____ Conciliator

24. ____ Contrite

25. ____ Culpable

26. ____ Comply

27. ____ Engender

28. ____ Guilty

29. ____ Innocent

30. ____ Repent

H. Mistaken, erroneous

I. Disprove, contest

J. Concede, comply, agree

K. Obey, fulfill

L. Remorseful, repentant

M. Disclaim, deny

N. Mediator, liaison

O. Penitent, sorry

– 13 –

Multiple Choice

1. How old is our Earth?

A. 2,000 years old

B. 100,000 years old

C. 3 million years old

D. Over 4.5 billion years old

2. Approximately how many people populate our planet?

A. 1 million

B. 4.7 million

C. 6.6 billion

D. 100 billion

– 14 –

3.Which of the following is/are forms of pollution?

A. Littering

B. Toxic waste dumping

C. Air pollution

D. All of the above

4. Ways in which we can help take care of the environment include:

A. Recycling

B. Littering

C. Driving daily

D. None of the above

– 15 –

5. Which of the following is an earth produced natural wonder?

A. Niagara Falls

B. Mount Everest

C. The Grand Canyon

D. All of the above

– 16 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ In public places like the Grand Canyon, there are no rules or regulations.

2. ____ If you were to fall or get lost while visiting the Grand Canyon, the park would be culpable.

3. ____ The earth has produced very few natural wonders over the years.

4. ____ Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain, is located in the United States.

5. ____ The Grand Canyon is over 250 miles long.

– 17 –

Short Answer

1. Why is it important that we take care of our environment?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What are some examples of things that harm our earth? Explain.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 18 –

3. What are some ways that you can help take care of our earth?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. Who is ultimately responsible for making sure our earth is taken care of?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 19 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 20 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________







Categories
Continuing Education English books English CE STAAR HS

Unit 17 – Hamburgers CE HS STAAR

Page 2 Page 4 Page 6 Page 8 Page 10 Questions Page 12 Questions Page 14 Questions Page 16 Questions




This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Hamburgers

In the American fast food industry, one of the most popular and tantalizing dishes is the hamburger- a sandwich that consists of bread, a ground meat patty, and a variety of condiments and vegetables. In many restaurants and diners, it is often served with fries, chips, or onion rings.

– 2 –


– 3 –

Hamburgers originated in Hamburg, Germany, thus penning the name hamburgers. The majority of them, in actuality, do not contain pork or ham, but ground beef.

Germany’s way of serving a hamburger was originally to put roast pork in a roll or to put meat in a round piece of bread, and from that sprouted today’s version of the burger.

However, the history of the hamburger goes further back than just Germany. In 1209, horseman Genghis Khan traveled with his troops for days at a time on horseback. With very few opportunities to camp out and have a meal, they usually had to carry their own ground meat in the form of flat patties.

It would be stored under their saddles and it would sit for days! Whenever they got hungry, they simply pulled it out and ate it raw!

– 4 –

In 1238, Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis Khan) led a stealthy invasion of invaded Moscow and, in the process, brought their “tradition” of ground meat with them. The Russians took on this odd meat and combined it with their own cookery and named it “Steak Tartare.” Over time, they perfected the recipe and added extra ingredients such us onions and sometimes even raw eggs

Today, America has countless fast food chains and diners that serve an endless supply of hamburgers.

But instead of just a burger, restaurants have added multiple things to spice the recipe up such as mayonnaise, pickles, cheese, and, for the kids, a toy on the side to entice them to buy the burger.

– 5 –

Many fast food restaurants use shrewd and cunning commercialization in ways to increase their profits. In many of their ads, for example, they use many ways to feature their hamburger as a gigantic and irresistible meal.

The ads distort the image of a burger as a thick and freshly prepared delicacy when in reality it doesn’t look nearly as appetizing or even as large. Other wily ways of attracting audiences include enhancing the look of the colors and logos that appeal to specific eaters. Fast food chains conjure up catchy phrases and commercials to draw everyone in for a food product that isn’t really what it seems.

They try to feign the ultimate delicious food creation. Ads like these bewilder many people as they try to find the best of the best of fast food hamburgers. No one can mimic a good, classic burger.

– 6 –

The best type of burger is one with a toasted bun, a thick, juicy beef patty, fresh vegetables, and enough ketchup to cover the fries on the side.

Hamburgers have been around for much longer than most people realize. Of course, back then, they didn’t look nearly as nice as today’s sesame buns with lettuce and cheese, and it is a good thing they don’t serve it raw today!

– 7 –

Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Cunning

2. ____ Shrewd

3. ____ Stealthy

4. ____ Tantalizing

5. ____ Wily

6. ____ Bewilder

7. ____ Conjure

8. ____ Distort

9. ____ Feign

10. ____ Mimic

A. Confuse, puzzle

B. Pretend, fakec

C. Sharp, wise, canny

D. Warp, alter, misrepresent

E. Sneaky, covert, clandestine

F. Summon, invoke

G. Imitate, copy

E. Devious, sly

F. Craftiness, astuteness

G. Enticing, teasing, provoking

– 8 –

Multiple Choice

Hamburgers are often served with

A.  A salad.

B.  Fries, chips or onion rings.

C.  Soup.

D.  Hotdogs, milk and cookies.

Hamburgers originated in

A.  The United States.

B.  France.

C.  Germany.

D.  Hungary.

– 9 –

_____ brought “ground meat” to Moscow when he invaded it.

A.  Genghis Khan.

B.  Napoleon.

C.  Ronald Donald.

D.  Kublai Khan.

Some ingredients you might find in a hamburger are

A.  Tortillas and pasta.

B.  Apples and berries.

C.  Corn and cereal.

D.  Lettuce and tomatoes.

– 10 –

The Russians named their cookery combination

A.  “Steak Tartare.”

B.  “Burger Balls.”

C.  “Bun Tarts.”

D.  None of the above.

– 11 –

True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1.____   Hamburgers originated in the United States.

2.____   The majority of hamburgers contain pork and ham.

3.____   Hamburger meals often come with a toy.

4.____   Hamburgers have only recently been invented.

5.____   Today America has countless fast food chains and diners.

– 12 –

Short Answer

1. How did hamburgers originate?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What are hamburgers made of?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 13 –

3. When did hamburgers first originate?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What are some methods fast food chains use to market hamburgers?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 14 –

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 15 –

3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

– 16 –