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ENGLISH English books High School HIGH SCHOOL 2022 HS Advanced High HS STAAR -2022 MOODLE SAT Preparation STAAR HS

HS – STAAR – Unit 20 – Communications – Moodle

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All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Communication

Communication is a process through which people exchange information to accomplish various tasks. Communication comes in forms varying from being on the small scale (ordering food at a restaurant) to the large scale (negotiations between countries).

You do not have to be too sagacious to notice that you use forms of communication everyday in order to get tasks done. This includes everything from communicating by calling your friends on your cell phone to meet you at the movies, to begging your seemingly austere parents not to ground you.

Communication can make the difference between things running exactly as planned and being a complete disaster. Simply put, communication is an important tool in life that is necessary in order to work with other people and is essential in allowing separate ideas to coalesce.

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Communication can be divided into two categories: verbal and nonverbal. Both verbal and nonverbal forms of communication should be used in order to maximize effective communication and forestall confusion. Verbal communication is using spoken words and one’s voice to communicate.

Nonverbal communication is the process of communicating through expressing messages without using one’s voice. Gestures, body language, eye contact, and facial expressions are all types of nonverbal communications. For example, rolling your eyes at your parents probably communicates a negative message to your parents on your part. This will likely lead to a response in the form of verbal communication from your parents along with a formidable punishment!

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Most situations in life require communication to go smoothly. Without communication, working with others and getting things done can be an arduous task. However, with good communication, conversations become more lucid, and previously elusive subjects become elucidated.

Difficult tasks also become more feasible and less futile when there is good communication. Smooth communication can also preclude unnecessary arguments that may be provoked by frustration or confusion. You can avoid many misunderstandings by avoiding miscommunication.

For example, it would be very difficult for two people to talk to each other if they did not speak the same language. When information is disseminated in a way you cannot understand, you realize how important communication is to information exchange. One tremendous tool that you can possess is having the ability to speak several languages.

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Learning a language can be rigorous work, especially if you did not speak it as a child. But you do not have to be erudite to learn how to speak a new language. Oftentimes learning a new language requires resilience and patience rather than a prodigious mind.

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Like many other things in life, practice is an important aspect of communication. Some situations, such as public speaking, are petrifying to many people. Many experts advocate that the only way to overcome this fear is through practice. Avoiding public speaking will not only prevent you from getting better, your skills may even deteriorate as a result of not practicing. Someone who is acute would be able to discern your weakness. Being comfortable with speaking in front of others provides a tremendous advantage.

Once you have achieved that, you have accomplished a major step in the communication process and are no longer simply a parody of what speech should be. Being a good public speaker does not require you to be extremely astute or incisive. Many elements of good public speaking skills are just common sense. For example, good eye contact and appropriate hand gestures are standard.

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Communication is so important that there are classes that people attend in order to learn how to communicate more effectively. Such classes are not uncommon, and locations are dispersed across various localities.

Creators of such businesses may endorse taking such classes to master the technique, but their reasons obviously may not be impartial. However, classes do work for many people. You do not have to be perceptive or perspicacious to realize that.

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Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Advocate

2. ____ Coalesce

3. ____ Disperse

4. ____ Disseminate

5. ____ Elucidate

6. ____ Endorse

7. ____ Forestall

A. Prevent, avert, hinder

B. Indefinable, intangible, subtle

C. Sanction, support, back

D. Severe, stark, grave

E. Unite, combine

F. Clarify, illuminate

G. Neutral, unbiased

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8. ____ Impartial

9. ____ Parody

10. ____ Provoke

11. ____ Arduous

12. ____ Austere

13. ____ Elusive

14. ____ Feasible

H. Incite, rouse

I. Support, show approval

J. Reasonable, viable, practical

K. Distribute, circulate, spread

L. Satire, spoof

M. Scatter, diffuse

N. Difficult, strenuous

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Vocabulary

Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

16. ____ Formidable

17. ____ Futile

18. ____ Preclude

19. ____ Resilient

20. ____ Rigorous

21. ____ Acute

22. ____ Astute

A. Painstaking, laborious

B. Observant, aware

C. Insightful, penetrating

D. Judicious, perceptive

E. Sharp, keen, intense

F. Vain, pointless

G.Wise, astute, sagacious

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23. ____ Discerning

24. ____ Erudite

25. ____ Incisive

26. ____ Lucid

27. ____ Perceptive

28. ____ Perspicacious

29. ____ Prodigious

30. ____ Sagacious

H. Intimidating, impressive

I. Coherent, logical, articulate

J. Wise, knowledgeable

K. Prohibit, prevent, exclude

L. Flexible, durable

M. Extraordinary, phenomenal

N. Cultured, scholarly

O. Shrewd, Clever

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Multiple Choice

1. Some examples of communication include:

A. Ordering food.

B. Talking on the phone.

C. U.N. negotiations.

D. All of the above.

2. Using spoken words and one’s voice in order to communicate is a form of _________.

A. Charades.

B. Verbal communication.

C. Non-verbal communication.

D. Body language.

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3. The process of communicating through expressing messages without using one’s voice is a form of:

A. Charades.

B. Verbal communication.

C. Non-verbal communication.

D. Yelling.

4. An example of non-verbal communication includes:

A. Yelling.

B. Public forum speeches.

C. Gestures.

D. Singing.

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5. An example of verbal communication includes:

A. Talking on the phone

B. Reciting poetry

C. Public speaking

D. All of the above

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True or False

Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ People use various forms of communication multiple times a day.
2. ____ Talking to your friends is a form of communication.
3. ____ Learning new languages is a great communication tool.
4. ____ Acquiring good communication skills doesn’t require any practice.
5. ____ Communication can make the difference between things running smooth and being a complete disaster.
6. ____ Avoiding communication can help improve your communication skills.

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Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
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3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

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4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
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