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Expansion and Development

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This book developed by ©Academy Global Learning 2020
All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Expansion and Development

President John Quincy Adams was the son of the second President, John Adams. John Quincy Adams had his first job in the government when he was fourteen. He served as secretary to the first American Minister to Russia. He was in Paris at the time the treaty, which ended the Revolution, was signed. He had a talent for public service. He was elected President in 1824.

Andrew Jackson was the first president to be born in a log cabin. He had little education. Jackson extended the use of the “spoil system.” The “spoil system” gave government jobs to the President’s followers even if they were not qualified for the job. A very important issue Jackson had to deal with during his term in office was the taxing of imported products. The South did not like this tariff added to the products coming to America.

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The national products were cheaper than the imported products. The South was obligated to buy the products made in the North, which meant the North was becoming richer than the South. The Southern states decided not to pay the tariff. Jackson threatened the South with war if they didn’t pay the tax.

South Carolina declared that they would prefer to separate from the Union. Henry Clay tried to solve the issue and proposed a plan where both parties would get some of what they wanted. That plan was called the “Compromise Tariff of 1833.” This compromise consisted of two things: keeping the tariffs on imported goods and lowering the tariff each year for 10 years.

In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. The Native American tribes of the Cree, Seminole, Cherokee, and Sauk and Fox lived on the land east of the Mississippi River.

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Many white people thought they had the right to take the land away from the Indians. The government wanted to move the tribes to “Indian Reservations.”

The Sauk and Fox tribes from Illinois and Wisconsin were moved to Iowa. The Indians resisted and fought the U.S. army. The Black Hawk War was fought in 1832. Black Hawk was the Indian leader. The soldiers were better equipped for the war, and they won.

The Cherokee Indians from Georgia were moved by force to Oklahoma. The Indians were not prepared for the trip; they did not have enough food or warm clothes. Many Indians died on their way to Oklahoma. This march is called the “Trail of Tears.”The Seminole Indians were asked to move from Florida to Oklahoma. These Indians did not want to go to reservations either. They hid and fought the soldiers. The Seminole Indian War lasted 10 years.

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Vocabulary

Find the vocabulary words (in bold), write them below, and find the definition of each in a dictionary.

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Write 5 sentences using some of the vocabulary words.

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Reading Questions

Write one sentence to describe the history of Expansion and Development in the U.S. for each area below:

What?

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When?

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How?

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Where?

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Why?

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Who?

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Discuss:

1. What was the “spoil system?”

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2. What is a tariff?

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3. What was the Indian Removal Act?

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4. What was the “Trail of Tears?”

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