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Korea

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Illustrated and Designed By
Christian Alas
Sound By
Margarita Onofre

KOREA

The U.S. and the Soviet Union had invaded Korea during World War II and liberated it from Japan. By the armistice (peace) terms, the Korean peninsula was divided into two countries along the 38th parallel. The U.S. controlled South Korea, and the Soviets controlled North Korea.

Neither the Soviet Union nor the U.S. left Korea at the end of World War II. Both the North and South Korean governments claimed the right to rule all of Korea.

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On June 25, 1950, South Korea was invaded by the Communist North Korea. The United Nations Security Council accepted the American request for immediate support for South Korea in September 1950.

In November 1950, the United Nations’ troops secured South Korea and pushed the North Korean troops as far back as China.

In the time between November 1950 and January 1951, the Chinese troops had forced the United Nations troops all the way back to South Korea.

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An armistice (peace) was finally reached in 1953 after two years of negotiations.

The Korean War caused a conflict between Harry Truman, President of the U.S., and General Douglas MacArthur, his commanding general. The President and the General had different views on how the Korean War should be run.

President Truman believed in containment and wanted to make peace. He wanted to keep the Korean Communists north of the 38th parallel. On the other hand, General MacArthur believed in an attack offensive. General MacArthur wanted to expel the Communists, not only from North Korea but also out of China. General MacArthur wanted to attack China with the atomic bomb. In April 1951, President Truman removed General MacArthur from his command of the United Nations’ troops in Korea because he refused to follow orders regarding the Korean War.

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Find the vocabulary words (in bold), write them below, and find the definition of each in a dictionary.

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Write 5 sentences using some of the vocabulary words.

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Write one sentence to describe the history of Korea for each area below:

What?

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When?

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How?

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Where?

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Why?

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Who?

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Korea