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Mustang

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All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Mustang

Amongst the myriad of cars and trucks produced by the Ford Motor Company, perhaps the most famous model of them all is the Ford Mustang, an affordable sports car option for parsimonious individuals.

The famous Mustang is also known as a “Pony Car”, a sort of “muscle car”. You do not have to be affluent to own one, since it’s not exactly a majestic car, but at the same time you cannot be penniless. The Ford Mustang is offered at a great value, but an impecunious homeless person would probably still not be able to afford one.

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On many occasions, the Mustang has been named by respected car magazines as one of the top ten best cars available on the market. It has even won a number of car-of-the-year awards. First released in 1964, the Mustang sold nearly 1.5 million units in its first eighteen months and has since been consistently enhanced to remain successful. Furthermore, there are copious numbers of Mustangs available, unlike many other sports cars whose production numbers are limited.

Although Ford makes sure that its Mustang is available enough to not become depleted, it is careful not to produce a surfeit, or popularity might decrease due to overexposure. Fortunately, even though they are always able to garner enough popularity for the Mustang, Ford has never exhibited any signs of avarice.

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One reason the Mustang has been consistently popular throughout the course of its life is that Ford has significantly augmented the model of the Mustang many times throughout the life of the model, making more than paltry advancements each time.

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The first model was a two-seat, mid-engine car. It was produced from 1964 to1973. Many minor changes were made during that period, but the major design change that marked the second generation of the Mustang did not arrive until 1974.

In 1973, Ford believed that the Mustang had digressed too far from its fundamental design, so an entirely new design replete with changes was prepared for 1974. The result was the second generation Mustang. The Mustang II was based on another car, the Ford Pinto. The new Mustang sold more than 400,000 units the first year. It featured advanced innovations such as rack-and-pinion steering and a mechanism that drastically decreased noise and vibration.

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In 1979, the third generation Mustang became available. This new model differed from the smaller, compact, scanty model of Mustangs that were previously popular. The interior was completely recreated and could seat four people. It also featured a larger trunk. Overall, the platform was roomier than before. This new, third generation platform was known as the “Fox”.

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The fourth generation Mustang began in 1994 and marked the first time in 15 years that the platform of the Mustang was redesigned. In 1994, for the third time in the mustang’s history, the mustang was named car of the year by the renowned Motor Trend magazine. In 2003, once again, Ford changed the Fox-based platform of the Mustang Cobra. This cobra not only featured the 4.6L V8 32 valve engine as the previous cobra but it had a radical addition of an Eaton Supercharger, supported by its new 390 horsepower inter-cooled cast iron engine block.

The new platform also featured a change from the 5-speed Tremec transmission to the T-56 6-speed. Ford internally gave this new SVT Mustang Cobra platform the codename, “The Terminator”.

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It was so named because it was meant to terminate the competition, and finally lay to rest disputes on whether the Mustang or Chevrolet Camaro, the Mustang’s historic rival, was better. Ironically, the Camaro was also discontinued the same year due to low sales. The fourth generation Mustang ran through 2004.

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The fifth, and present day generation of the mustang came in 2005. The new look of the mustang was modeled after the first generation mustangs. This new platform inspired by the Mustangs of the 1960’s, featured a “retro-futurism” design by combining the classic essence and look of the original mustangs with modern technology and a hint of modern looks.

Included in these modern technological upgrades is the new 4.6L 3-valve Modular V8 engine with variable camshaft timing. In line with inspiration of these new Mustangs, new high performance models have been created in tribute to the great classic models such as the Boss 302 Mustang, the Mach 1, the Mustang SVO, the SVT Cobra, and of course the Shelby GT500.

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With the different generations of models, Ford has also produced variants of each type of Mustang featuring different engines and commodities (such as the V6, GT, Cobra, and others). However, the high performance models are fabricated in paucity. Many people make personal changes to their own cars, creating sort of a “unique generation.” The high customizability of the Mustang has been a great contributing factor to the popularity of the Mustang throughout the generations.

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Mustang enthusiasts love to modify their cars. Some of these changes can be opulent, to the point where they are ostentatious. Oftentimes, many of these changes are made to increase the car’s horsepower and speed. However, this can be dangerous, and prodigal individuals should be careful not to squander their sumptuous cars by wrecking them.

The Mustang model remains profuse to this day. The death of the Mustang is nowhere to be foreseen. Considering it’s a sports car, the price tag has also remained affordable even for frugal individuals. Although the Mustang probably still remains expensive for those that are destitute, Ford’s aim to maintain the mustang as an economical vehicle has been anything but miserly.

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The arrival of the next Mustang generation is unknown, but given the history of the Mustang and Ford’s ability to produce popular cars, it is highly unlikely that there will be a dearth of buyers for the next Mustang.

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Match each word in the left column with a description in the right column that best matches its meaning

1. ____ Augment

2. ____ Avaricious

3. ____ Deplete

4. ____ Enhance

5. ____ Frugal

6. ____ Garner

7. ____ Miserly

8. ____ Parsimonious

9. ____ Prodigal

A. Improve, make, better

B. Cheap, penny-pinching

C. Gather, collect

D. Supplement, add to, expand

E. To waste, spend, misuse

F. Demise, end, fall

G. Shortage, lack, drought

H. Poor, penniless

I. Impoverished, needy, indigent

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10. ____ Squander

11. ____ Death

12. ____ Dearth

13. ____ Destitute

14. ____ Homeless

15. ____ Impecunious

J. Destitute, living on the streets

K. Greedy, covetous

L. Eat up, diminish

M. Miserable, stingy, measly

N. Wasteful, profligate, dissolute

O. Thrifty, economical, stingy

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Match each word in the left column with a word in right column that best matches its definition.

16. ____ Paltry

17. ____ Paucity

18. ____ Penniless

19. ____ Penury

20. ____ Scanty

21. ____ Affluent

22. ____ Copious

23. ____ Majestic

A. Rich, prosperous, well off

B. Poverty, pennilessness

C. Countless, multitude

D. Pretentious, brazen, showy

E. Surplus, excess

F. Scarcity, lack, rarity

G. Plentiful, abundant, prolific

H. Luxurious, plush, superb

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24. ____ Myriad

25. ____ Opulent

26. ____ Ostentatious

27. ____ Profuse

28. ____ Replete

29. ____ Sumptuous

30. ____ Surfeit

I. Complete, sated, full

J. Impoverished, broke, bankrupt

k. Abundant, plentiful, numerous

L. Wealthy, lavish, magnificent

M. Scarce, very little, insufficient

N. Worthless, wretched, base

O. Royal, regal, grand

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Multiple Choice

1. The mustang was created by _____.

A. Chevrolet

B. The Ford Motor Company

C. Fordever Motors

D. Dodge

2. The Mustang is also known as a “_____”

A. Sedan

B. Pony Car

C. Horse wagon

D. Horse Buggy

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3. The Mustang was first released in _____

A. 1890

B. 1910

C. 1964

D. 1987

4. The third generation (1979-1993) Mustang is known as the

A. “Eleanor”

B. “Bullitt”

C. “Knight Rider”

D. “Fox”

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5. The 2003 SVT Mustang Cobra was codenamed the

A. “General Lee”

B. “Kit”

C. “Terminator”

D. “Superman”

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Choose whether each statement is true or false and write your answer in the space provided.

1. ____ The Mustang sold nearly 1.5 million units in its first eighteen months it was released.

2. ____ The first Mustang was a two-seat mid-engine car.

3. ____ The Cobra made by Ford is not a mustang.

4. ____ A “Retro-futurism” design means it is completely futuristic and contains nothing from the past.

5. ____ The Mustang II was based on the Ford Pinto.

6. ____ The 2005 Mustang was designed to look similar to the mustangs from the 1960’s.

7. ____ The Mustang only comes in one standard engine for all of its models.

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Short answer.

1. Name and briefly discuss some of the high performance mustangs.

______________________________________
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2. Why have Mustangs been so popular over the years?

______________________________________
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3. What does the “unique generation” of mustangs refer to? Explain.

______________________________________
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4. What is your favorite Mustang? Why?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

Reading Questions

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

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3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

4. What do you think about the story?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

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Mustang