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Nutrition

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All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

Nutrition

As in the case of plants and animals, food and nutrients are also very important to humans. We need to have a proper food and nutrient diet each day. The food pyramid can help guide us as to what we should eat and how we can have a balanced diet by indicating how many servings or portions of each group we should have daily.

Having the proper amount of each food group and having a balanced diet are essential in maintaining a strong mind and a strong body. The food pyramid breaks down food into 6 food groups: fats and sweets group, dairy (milk) group, meat group, vegetable group, fruit group and grain group. Our bodies need energy to work everyday.

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We get this energy from the food we eat. The nutrients found in food have stored energy. Our body transforms this energy into fuel for our bodies when we digest food. We measure the amount of released energy in calories. A calorie is how much energy proteins, carbohydrates and fats give your body.

Every gram of carbohydrates and proteins provides four calories of energy. Every gram of fat provides nine calories of energy. Proteins supply our body with energy and help build and repair cells that build tissues for proper growth and development. Proteins are found in foods like meat, fish, chicken, eggs, nuts, yogurt, cheese, milk, spinach, and more.

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Carbohydrates supply our bodies with energy and help keep us warm. Carbohydrates are found in fruits, vegetables, bread, rice, pasta, potatoes, oatmeal, sugar, and more. Fats are a source of stored energy for our bodies. They help our bodies use vitamins and also help insulate our bodies. Fats are found in avocados, butter, meat, cheese, eggs, whole milk, nuts, oil, and many more.

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READING QUESTIONS

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

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2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

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3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

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4. What do you think about the story?

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