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High School Hs American history

The Great War: World War I – The Beginning

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Illustrated and Designed By
Christian Alas
Sound By
Margarita Onofre

The Great War: World War I – The Beginning

In early 1914, very few European nations had fears of a large-scale war. The European continent had been at peace since the Napoleonic Wars of 1815.

Around the 1890’s, nations began to challenge each other for foreign colonies and markets. Several of the major powers had been building mass reserves of weapons and arms. As the 20th century began, tensions between countries had grown around three power goals: imperialism, nationalism, and militarism.

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At the same time, many ethnic groups such as the Czechs, Serbs, Poles, Slovaks, Croats, and Bosnians demanded their independence from the major powers.

By 1914, many European countries had formed military alliances. A military alliance is an agreement established among countries in which they agree to help each other in the event of a war. Two of the largest military alliances in Europe were The Triple Alliance, formed by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, and the Triple Entente, formed by England, France, and Russia.

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Italy later left the Triple Alliance and united with the Triple Entente; the Ottoman Empire (modern-day Turkey) then joined the Triple Alliance.

War erupted when Serbians killed the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand and his wife. The Serbians wanted to be free of Austrian rule and Austria- Hungary quickly declared war on Serbia.

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Because of the alliances, the war between Austria and Serbia soon became a war covering most of Europe. Russia allied with Serbia and Germany allied with Austria-Hungary once they had declared war on Serbia. England and France entered the war due to their alliance with Russia.

The Triple Alliance countries were called the Central Powers after the war began. The countries of the Triple Entente were called the Allies.

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Find the vocabulary words (in bold), write them below, and find the definition of each in a dictionary.

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Write 5 sentences using some of the vocabulary words.

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Write one sentence to describe the history of Beginning World War I for each area below:

What?

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When?

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How?

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Where?

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Why?

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Who?

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Discuss:

1. What is imperialism?

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2. What is nationalism?

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3. What is militarism?

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4. What event marked the beginning of WWI and why?

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The Great War: World War I – The Beginning