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English books Middle School MS Summer Science

The Moon

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All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

The Moon

The Moon is the Earth’s only natural satellite. A satellite, another word for a moon, is a natural body that revolves around a planet. The Earth’s Moon is the fifth largest satellite in the Solar System.

The distance of the Moon from Earth is about 384,403 km. That distance is about thirty times the diameter of Earth. The Moon makes a complete orbit around Earth in 27.3 days. The Moon is the only celestial body where humans have traveled to and landed on in person.

Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed on the moon and left the first human footprints on the moon on July 20, 1969. The Moon’s surface is full of holes called craters. The craters on the moon come in all sizes, from very small to tremendously large.

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The craters were formed by flying space objects crashing into the surface and leaving dents in it. The large flat areas on the moon are called Maria because early scientists thought it was water when they looked through their telescopes.

In Latin, Maria means “seas,” However, there is no water, air, plants or living things on the moon.

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READING QUESTIONS

1. What is the writer’s main idea?

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2. What example supports the writer’s main idea?

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3. How does the example help the writer’s argument?

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4. What do you think about the story?

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