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High School Hs American history

The New Deal

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Illustrated and Designed By
Christian Alas
Sound By
Margarita Onofre

The New Deal

Along with Congress, Roosevelt created new programs that put people to work through the building of highways and hospitals, repairing school buildings, building public playgrounds, draining swamps, fixing and constructing huge dams to control floods, and generating electric power for the countryside.

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), a special program for young men, gave hundreds of thousands of young people the chance to leave the city and work in rural or wilderness areas by caring for forests, cutting trails, building shelters and conservation facilities, and helping fight forest fires. Young people working in the Civilian Conservation Corps were required to send part of their salary home to their families.

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Musicians, artists, and writers were also given work through the government programs. Artists who were inspired by Mexican art painted murals on the walls of high schools, hospitals, zoos, libraries, government office buildings, and post offices throughout the country.

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By the mid-1930s businesses had begun to recover and hire more workers. Skilled workers, such as carpenters or plumbers, were able to join unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor. The American Federation of Labor was an old established association of crafts unions that fought to improve the workers’ wages.

Since the majority of workers didn’t have anybody to represent them, they were forced to accept long hours and hard work for low wages. One of the New Deal’s most important laws, the National Labor Relations Act, was passed in 1935. This law was also called the Wagner Act, after the Senator from New York that sponsored it. This law guaranteed workers the right to organize and bargain with their bosses as a group.

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The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) enrolled thousands of longshoremen, steelworkers, coal miners, autoworkers, and other industrial workers. The CIO began conducting strikes demanding better working conditions and higher wages.

As the years passed, the Roosevelt Administration and Congress continued to make the federal government more and more responsible for the recovery from the Great Depression.

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Find the vocabulary words (in bold), write them below, and find the definition of each in a dictionary.

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Write 5 sentences using some of the vocabulary words.

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Write one sentence to describe the history of The New Deal in the U.S. for each area below:

What?

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When?

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How?

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Where?

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Why?

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Who?

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The New Deal