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The United Nations

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All rights reserved under ©Academy Global Learning 2020. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Designed By:
Christian Alas
Created and illustrated By:
Angelo Romero and Camilo Sanabria

The United Nations

After World War II, the United Nations was created. The main purpose of this organization was to maintain world peace. It was founded in 1945 and its headquarters are in New York City. The United Nations has 185 members. Those members are divided into:

The General Assembly. Formed from all the members of the United Nations. Each member has one vote. The General Assembly can make recommendations only.
The Security Council. Formed only by fifteen members. Five of these members are permanent members. They represent The United States, Britain, France, Russia and the People’s Republic of China. The other ten members are elected every two years. Only the Security Council can order the United Nations to take action. To do this, nine of the fifteen members must vote for action. All five permanent members must also vote in favor of the action.

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The International Court of Justice. It is made up of 15 members. They meet at The Hague in the Netherlands. The members of the International Court of Justice are judges who decide the cases by majority vote. When nations submit their cases to the court, they agree to accept its decision.

The Secretariat consists of the Secretary General and his or her staff. They are in charge of running the United Nations. The Secretary General is appointed by the General Assembly for a five-year term.

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Vocabulary

Find the vocabulary words (in bold), write them below, and find the definition of each in a dictionary.

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Write 5 sentences using some of the vocabulary words.

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Reading Questions

Write one sentence to describe the history of the United Nations for each area below:

What?

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When?

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How?

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Where?

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Why?

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Who?

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Discuss:

1. What was the purpose of the United Nations?

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2. When was it established?

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3. Who are the permanent members?

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